AskDefine | Define fire

Dictionary Definition

fire

Noun

1 the event of something burning (often destructive); "they lost everything in the fire"
2 the process of combustion of inflammable materials producing heat and light and (often) smoke; "fire was one of our ancestors' first discoveries" [syn: flame, flaming]
3 the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy; "hold your fire until you can see the whites of their eyes"; "they retreated in the face of withering enemy fire" [syn: firing]
4 a fireplace in which a fire is burning; "they sat by the fire and talked"
5 intense adverse criticism; "Clinton directed his fire at the Republican Party"; "the government has come under attack"; "don't give me any flak" [syn: attack, flak, flack, blast]
6 feelings of great warmth and intensity; "he spoke with great ardor" [syn: ardor, ardour, fervor, fervour, fervency, fervidness]
7 once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)
8 a severe trial; "he went through fire and damnation"

Verb

1 start firing a weapon [syn: open fire]
2 cause to go off; "fire a gun"; "fire a bullet" [syn: discharge]
3 bake in a kiln so as to harden; "fire pottery"
4 terminate the employment of; "The boss fired his secretary today"; "The company terminated 25% of its workers" [syn: give notice, can, dismiss, give the axe, send away, sack, force out, give the sack, terminate] [ant: hire]
5 go off or discharge; "The gun fired" [syn: discharge, go off]
6 drive out or away by or as if by fire; "The soldiers were fired"; "Surrender fires the cold skepticism"
7 call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses); "arouse pity"; "raise a smile"; "evoke sympathy" [syn: arouse, elicit, enkindle, kindle, evoke, raise, provoke]
8 destroy by fire; "They burned the house and his diaries" [syn: burn, burn down]
9 provide with fuel; "Oil fires the furnace" [syn: fuel]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From fier < fyr < < . Akin to Dutch vuur, German Feuer, Greek sc=Grek, Old English bœl.

Pronunciation

  • , /faɪə(ɹ)/, /faI@(r)/
  • a US , /faɪɚ/, /faI@`/
  • Rhymes with: -aɪə(r)

Noun

  1. A (usually self-sustaining) chemical reaction involving the bonding of oxygen with carbon or other fuel, with the production of heat and the presence of flame or smouldering.
  2. Something that has produced or is capable of producing this chemical reaction, such as a campfire.
    We sat around the fire singing songs and telling stories.
  3. The, often accidental, occurrence of fire in a certain place leading to its full or partial destruction.
    There was a fire at the school last night and the whole place burned down.
    During hot and dry summers many fires in forests are caused by regardlessly discarded cigarette butts.
  4. uncountable alchemy One of the four basic elements.
  5. In the context of "India and Japan": One of the five basic elements (see Wikipedia article on the Classical elements).
  6. countable UK A heater or stove used in place of a real fire (such as an electric fire).
  7. The elements necessary to start a fire.
    The fire was laid and needed to be lit.
  8. The in-flight bullets or other projectiles shot from a gun.
    The fire from the enemy guns kept us from attacking.

Translations

chemical reaction
something that has produced or is capable of producing this chemical reaction
occurrence of fire in a certain place
  • Afrikaans: vuur
  • Arabic:
  • Catalan: incendi
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (huǒzāi)
  • Croatian: požar
  • Czech: požár
  • Danish: brand
  • Dutch: brand
  • Esperanto: brulego, incendio
  • Finnish: palo
  • French: incendie
  • German: Feuer, Brand
  • Greek: φωτιά, πυρκαγιά
  • Hebrew:
  • Icelandic: eldur
  • Irish: tine
  • Italian: incendio, rogo
  • Japanese: 火事 (かじ, káji), 火災 (かさい, kasái)
  • Korean: 큰불 (keunbul), 화재 (hwajae)
  • Kurdish:
    Kurmanji: agir g Kurdish
    Sorani: ئاگر
  • Latin: incendium
  • Malay: kebakaran
  • Norwegian: brann
  • Polish: pożar
  • Portuguese: incêndio
  • Russian: пожар
  • Scottish Gaelic: teine
  • Slovene: požar
  • Spanish: incendio
  • Swedish: brasa, brand
  • Thai: (phleerng)
  • Vietnamese: vụ cháy
  • Welsh: tân
  • West Frisian: brân
  • Xhosa: umlilo
alchemy: one of the four basic elements
  • Afrikaans: vuur
  • Aramaic:
    Syriac: ܢܘܪܐ (nūrā, nūro)
    Hebrew: נורא (nūrā, nūro)
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (huǒ)
  • Czech: oheň
  • Danish: ild
  • Dutch: vuur
  • Finnish: tuli
  • French: feu
  • German: Feuer
  • Greek: φωτιά
  • Hebrew:
  • Hungarian: tűz
  • Icelandic: eldur
  • Irish: tine
  • Italian: fuoco
  • Kurdish: agir g Kurdish
  • Latvian: uguns
  • Norwegian: ild
  • Polish: ogień
  • Portuguese: fogo
  • Russian: огонь (ogón’)
  • Scottish Gaelic: teine
  • Slovene: ogenj
  • Spanish: fuego
  • Swedish: eld
  • Vietnamese: hỏa
  • Welsh: tân
  • West Frisian: fjoer
  • Xhosa: umlilo
India and Japan: one of the five basic elements
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (huǒ)
  • Dutch: vuur
  • Finnish: tuli
  • Norwegian: ild
  • Vietnamese: hỏa
heater or stove
  • Armenian: վառարան (varraran)
  • Bosnian: peć
  • Bulgarian: печка
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (nuǎn)
  • Croatian: peć
  • Czech: kamna
  • Danish: ovn, ildsted
  • Dutch: vuur, fornuis, stoof
  • Finnish: liesi, hella
  • French: poêle
  • German: Ofen, Heizlüfter, Heizstrahler
  • Greek: θερμάστρα
  • Hungarian: kályha
  • Icelandic: ofn
  • Italian: stufa
  • Japanese: ストーブ
  • Korean: 화덕 (hwadeok)
  • Kurdish:
    Kurmanji: agir g Kurdish
    Sorani: ئاگر
  • Latin: focus
  • Norwegian: ovn
  • Polish: piec
  • Portuguese: fogão
  • Romanian: sobă
  • Russian: печь (peč’)
  • Serbian:
    Cyrillic: пећ
    Roman: peć
  • Slovak: kachle
  • Slovene: peč
  • Spanish: estufa, horno
  • Swedish: spis, ugn
  • Turkish: ocak
  • Ukrainian: піч (pič)
  • Welsh: stof
the elements of a fire
  • Afrikaans: vuur
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (huǒ)
  • Danish: bål
  • Dutch: vuur
  • Norwegian: fyr
  • Russian: костёр
in-flight bullets
  • Afrikaans: vuur
  • Danish: ild
  • Dutch: vuur
  • Finnish: tulitus, tuli
  • Hebrew:
  • Norwegian: ild
  • Russian: огонь (ogón’)
  • Slovene: ogenj
  • Vietnamese: hỏa lực

Verb

  1. To set (something) on fire.
    • rfdate author 1898 "Then I slipped up again with a box of matches, fired my heap of paper and rubbish, put the chairs and bedding thereby, led the gas to the affair, by means of an india-rubber tube, and waving a farewell to the room left it for the last time.
    • "You fired the house!" exclaimed Kemp.
    • Chapter 20,
      "Fired the house. It was the only way to cover my trail—and no doubt it was insured."
  2. To shoot (a gun or other explosive propelled device).
    We will fire our guns at the enemy.
  3. To shoot a gun, a cannon or a similar weapon.
    Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes.
  4. To terminate the employment contract of (an employee), usually because of the misconduct or poor performance of the employee (as opposed to "make redundant" or "lay off", where the employee’s actions are not the reason for the termination).
    She should fire the employee that stole from the company.
  5. To heat (pottery, ceramic, etc.), usually in a kiln to make the clay nonsoluble or to affix a glaze.
    If you fire the pottery at too high a temperature, it may crack.
  6. intransitive physiology To cause an action potential in a cell.
    When a neuron fires, it transmits information.

Translations

set on fire
transitive: to shoot
intransitive: to shoot
to terminate the employment of
to heat pottery, etc.
to cause action potential in a cell
  • Dutch: afgaan
  • Norwegian: fyre

Cardinal number

fire

Verb

fire
  1. to slacken, to ease.

Norwegian

Cardinal number

fire

Derived terms

Verb

å fire (present tense firer; past tense fira/firet/firte; past participle fira/firet/firt; present participle firende)

Romanian

Noun

fire n p
  1. Plural of fir threads, strings

Extensive Definition

Fire is the heat and light energy released during a chemical reaction, in particular a combustion reaction. Depending on the substances alight, and any impurities within, the color of the flame and the fire intensity might vary.

Chemistry

Flaming fires

Flaming fires involve the chemical oxidation of a fuel (combustion or release of energy) with associated flame, heat, and light. The flame itself occurs within a region of gas where intense exothermic reactions are taking place. An exothermic reaction is a chemical reaction whereby heat and energy are released as a substance changes to a more stable chemical form (in the case of fire, usually generating carbon dioxide and water). As chemical reactions occur within the fuel being burned, light and heat are released. Depending upon the specific chemical and physical change taking place within the fuel, the flame may or may not emit light in the visible spectrum. For example, burning alcohol or burning hydrogen is usually invisible to the naked eye although the heat given off is tremendous.
The visible flame has little mass, and it is comprised of luminous gases which emit energy (photons) as part of the oxidation process. The color of the flame is dependent upon the energy level of the photons emitted. Lower energy levels produce colors toward the red end of the light spectrum while higher energy levels produce colors toward the blue end of the spectrum. The hottest flames are white in appearance. The color of a fire may also be affected by chemical elements in the flame, such as barium giving a green flame color. The flame color depends also on the unoxidized carbon particles. In some cases there is a partial fuel oxidation due to oxygen lack in the central part of the flame, where combustion reactions take place. In such cases the unoxidized hot carbon particles emit radiation in the light spectrum, resulting in a yellow/red flame, such that of a common house fireplace.

Chemical reaction

Fires start when a flammable and/or a combustible material with an adequate supply of oxygen or another oxidizer is subjected to enough heat and is able to sustain a chain reaction. This is commonly called the fire tetrahedron. No fire can exist without all of these elements being in place.
Once ignited, a chain reaction must take place whereby fires can sustain their own heat by the further release of heat energy in the process of combustion and may propagate, provided there is a continuous supply of an oxidizer and fuel.
Fire can be extinguished by removing any one of the elements of the fire tetrahedron. Fire extinguishing by the application of water acts by cooling the fuel to stop the reaction whilst also starving the fire of oxygen. Whereas application of carbon dioxide is intended primarily to starve the fire of oxygen. Other gaseous fire suppression agents, such as halon or HFC-227, interfere with the chemical reaction itself.

Flame

A flame is an exothermic, self-sustaining, oxidizing chemical reaction producing energy and glowing hot matter, of which a very small portion is plasma. It consists of reacting gases and solids emitting visible and infrared light, the frequency spectrum of which depends on the chemical composition of the burning elements and intermediate reaction products.
In many cases, such as the burning of organic matter, for example wood, or the incomplete combustion of gas, incandescent solid particles called soot produce the familiar red-orange glow of 'fire'. This light has a continuous spectrum. Complete combustion of gas has a dim blue color due to the emission of single-wavelength radiation from various electron transitions in the excited molecules formed in the flame. Usually oxygen is involved, but hydrogen burning in chlorine also produces a flame, producing hydrogen chloride (HCl). Other possible combinations producing flames, amongst many more, are fluorine and hydrogen, and hydrazine and nitrogen tetroxide.
The glow of a flame is complex. Black-body radiation is emitted from soot, gas, and fuel particles, though the soot particles are too small to behave like perfect blackbodies. There is also photon emission by de-excited atoms and molecules in the gases. Much of the radiation is emitted in the visible and infrared bands. The color depends on temperature for the black-body radiation, and on chemical makeup for the emission spectra. The dominant color in a flame changes with temperature. The photo of the forest fire is an excellent example of this variation. Near the ground, where most burning is occurring, the fire is white, the hottest color possible for organic material in general, or yellow. Above the yellow region, the color changes to orange, which is cooler, then red, which is cooler still. Above the red region, combustion no longer occurs, and the uncombusted carbon particles are visible as black smoke. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the United States has recently found that gravity plays a role. Modifying the gravity causes different flame types. The common distribution of a flame under normal gravity conditions depends on convection, as soot tends to rise to the top of a general flame, as in a candle in normal gravity conditions, making it yellow. In microgravity or zero gravity, such as an environment in outer space, convection no longer occurs, and the flame becomes spherical, with a tendency to become more blue and more efficient (although it will go out if not moved steadily, as the CO2 from combustion does not disperse in microgravity, and tends to smother the flame). There are several possible explanations for this difference, of which the most likely is that the temperature is evenly distributed enough that soot is not formed and complete combustion occurs. Experiments by NASA reveal that diffusion flames in microgravity allow more soot to be completely oxidized after they are produced than diffusion flames on Earth, because of a series of mechanisms that behave differently in microgravity when compared to normal gravity conditions. These discoveries have potential applications in applied science and industry, especially concerning fuel efficiency.
In combustion engines, various steps are taken to eliminate a flame. The method depends mainly on whether the fuel is oil, wood, or a high-energy fuel such as jet fuel.

Typical temperatures of fires and flames

  • Oxyhydrogen flame: 2000 °C or above (3645 °F)
  • Bunsen burner flame: 1300 to 1600 °C (2372 to 2912 °F)
  • Blowtorch flame: 1,300 °C (2372 °F)
  • Candle flame: 1000 °C (1832 °F)
  • Smoldering cigarette:
    • Temperature without drawing: side of the lit portion; 400 °C (750 °F); middle of the lit portion: 585 °C (1110 °F)
    • Temperature during drawing: middle of the lit portion: 700 °C (1290 °F)
    • Always hotter in the middle.

Temperatures of flames by appearance

The temperature of flames with carbon particles emitting light can be assessed by their color:
  • Red
    • Just visible: 525 °C (977 °F)
    • Dull: 700 °C (1290 °F)
    • Cherry, dull: 800 °C (1470 °F)
    • Cherry, full: 900 °C (1650 °F)
    • Cherry, clear: 1000 °C (1830 °F)
  • Orange
    • Deep: 1100 °C (2010 °F)
    • Clear: 1200 °C (2190 °F)
  • White
    • Whitish: 1300 °C (2370 °F)
    • Bright: 1400 °C (2550 °F)
    • Dazzling: 1500 °C (2730 °F)

Controlling Fire

The ability to control fire was a major change in the habits of early humans. Making fire to generate heat and light made it possible for people to cook food, increasing the variety and availability of nutrients. Fire also kept nocturnal predators at bay. Archaeology indicates that ancestors or relatives of modern humans might have controlled fire as early as 790,000 years ago. The Cradle of Humankind site has evidence for controlled fire from 1 to 1.8 million years ago.
By the Neolithic Revolution, during the introduction of grain based agriculture, people all over the world used fire as a tool in landscape management. These fires were typically controlled burns or "cool fires", as opposed to uncontrolled "hot fires" that damage the soil. Hot fires destroy plants and animals, and endanger communities. This is especially a problem in the forests of today where traditional burning is prevented in order to encourage the growth of timber crops. Cool fires are generally conducted in the spring and fall. They clear undergrowth, burning up biomass that could trigger a hot fire should it get too dense. They provide a greater variety of environments, which encourages game and plant diversity. For humans, they make dense, impassable forests traversable.
The first technical application of the fire may have been the extracting and treating of metals. There are numerous modern applications of fire. In its broadest sense, fire is used by nearly every human being on earth in a controlled setting every day. Users of internal combustion vehicles employ fire every time they drive. Thermal power stations provide electricity for a large percentage of humanity.
The use of fire in warfare has a long history. Hunter-gatherer groups around the world have been noted as using grass and forest fires to injure their enemies and destroy their ability to find food, so it can be assumed that fire has been used in warfare for as long as humans have had the knowledge to control it. Homer detailed the use of fire by Greek commandos who hid in a wooden horse to burn Troy during the Trojan war. Later the Byzantine fleet used Greek fire to attack ships and men. In the First World War, the first modern flamethrowers were used by infantry, and were successfully mounted on armoured vehicles in the Second World War. In the latter war, incendiary bombs were used by Axis and Allies alike, notably on Rotterdam, London, Hamburg and, notoriously, at Dresden, in the latter two cases firestorms were deliberately caused in which a ring of fire surrounding each city was drawn inward by an updraft caused by a central cluster of fires. The United States Army Air Force also extensively used incendiaries against Japanese targets in the latter months of the war, devastating entire cities constructed primarily of wood and paper houses. In the Second World War, the use of napalm and molotov cocktails was popularized, though the former did not gain public attention until the Vietnam War. More recently many villages were burned during the Rwandan Genocide.

Fire and fuel

Setting fuel aflame releases usable energy. Wood was a prehistoric fuel, and is still viable today. The use of fossil fuels, such as petroleum, natural gas and coal, in power plants supplies the vast majority of the world's electricity today; the International Energy Agency states that nearly 80% of the world's power comes from these sources. The fire in a power station is used to heat water, creating steam that drives turbines. The turbines then spin an electric generator to produce power.
The unburnable solid remains of a combustible material left after a fire is called clinker if its melting point is below the flame temperature, so that it fuses and then solidifies as it cools, and ash if its melting point is above the flame temperature. Incomplete combustion of a carbonaceous fuel can result in the production of soot.

Fire protection and prevention

Fire fighting services are provided in most developed areas to extinguish or contain uncontrolled fires. Trained firefighters use fire trucks, water supply resources such as water mains and fire hydrants or they might use A and B class foam depending on what is feeding the fire. An array of other equipment to combat the spread of fires.
Fire prevention is intended to reduce sources of ignition, and is partially focused on programs to educate people from starting fires. Buildings, especially schools and tall buildings, often conduct fire drills to inform and prepare citizens on how to react to a building fire. Purposely starting destructive fires constitutes arson and is a criminal offense in most jurisdictions.
Model building codes require passive fire protection and active fire protection systems to minimize damage resulting from a fire. The most common form of active fire protection is fire sprinklers. To maximize passive fire protection of buildings, building materials and furnishings in most developed countries are tested for fire-resistance, combustibility and flammability. Upholstery, carpeting and plastics used in vehicles and vessels are also tested.

Fire classifications

In order to facilitate consistent extinguishment approaches, and maximize occupant and fire fighter safety, fires are classified using code letters in many countries. Below is a table showing the standard operated in Europe and Australasia against the system used in the United States.

Burns

Fire causes injury in forms of first-, second-, and third-degree burns. A first-degree burn damages the epidermis only, while a second-degree burn goes through the epidermis and dermis. A third-degree burn destroys both the epidermis and dermis, and kills all nerve receptors underneath the skin. A common result of second- and third-degree burns is large amounts of granulation tissue, or scar tissue, in place of the burnt skin.

Practical uses

Fire is or has been used:
fire in Arabic: حريق
fire in Official Aramaic (700-300 BCE): ܢܘܪܐ
fire in Aymara: Nina
fire in Bulgarian: Огън
fire in Catalan: Foc
fire in Czech: Oheň
fire in Chamorro: Guafi
fire in Corsican: Focu
fire in Zhuang: Feiz
fire in Welsh: Tân
fire in Danish: Ild
fire in Pennsylvania German: Feier
fire in German: Feuer
fire in Estonian: Põlemine
fire in Modern Greek (1453-): Φωτιά
fire in Spanish: Fuego
fire in Esperanto: Fajro
fire in Basque: Su
fire in Persian: آتش
fire in French: Feu
fire in Friulian: Fûc
fire in Scottish Gaelic: Teine
fire in Galician: Lume
fire in Korean: 불
fire in Croatian: Vatra
fire in Ido: Fairo
fire in Indonesian: Api
fire in Icelandic: Eldur
fire in Italian: Fuoco (fisica)
fire in Hebrew: אש
fire in Javanese: Geni
fire in Kurdish: Agir
fire in Latin: Ignis
fire in Luxembourgish: Feier
fire in Lithuanian: Ugnis
fire in Hungarian: Tűz
fire in Malayalam: തീ
fire in Malay (macrolanguage): Api
fire in Min Dong Chinese: Huōi
fire in Mongolian: Гал
fire in Dutch: Vuur
fire in Cree: Ishkuteu
fire in Japanese: 火
fire in Neapolitan: Ffuoco
fire in Norwegian: Ild
fire in Norwegian Nynorsk: Eld
fire in Polish: Ogień
fire in Portuguese: Fogo
fire in Quechua: Nina
fire in Russian: Огонь
fire in Scots: Fire
fire in Albanian: Zjarri
fire in Sicilian: Focu
fire in Simple English: Fire
fire in Slovak: Oheň
fire in Slovenian: Ogenj
fire in Serbian: Ватра
fire in Finnish: Tuli
fire in Swedish: Eld
fire in Tagalog: Apoy
fire in Tamil: நெருப்பு
fire in Thai: ไฟ
fire in Vietnamese: Lửa
fire in Turkish: Ateş
fire in Ukrainian: Вогонь
fire in Venetian: Fógo
fire in Yiddish: פייער
fire in Contenese: 火
fire in Samogitian: Ognis
fire in Chinese: 火

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abandon, afflatus, afire, aflame, aggressiveness, agitate, aim at, air, air-dry, alight, anhydrate, animate, animating spirit, animation, animus, annoy, antiaircraft fire, ardency, ardent, ardor, arouse, aroused, atom, atomic particles, awake, awaken, ax, axe, backfire, bake, balefire, bang, bank, barbecue, barrage, baste, beacon, beacon fire, begin, blanch, blast, blast away, blast off, blaze, blaze up, blazing, blitz, blot, blow out, blow the coals, blow up, boil, bombard, bombardment, bonfire, boot, boot out, bounce, bowl, braise, break, brew, broadside, broil, brown, brush, brute matter, building block, bump, burn, burning, burning ghat, burning pain, burst, bust, calenture, call forth, call up, campfire, can, candle, cannon, cannonade, cashier, cast, cast at, catapult, chafe, charge, charring, cheerful fire, chemical element, childbed fever, chuck, chuck at, chunk, cock, coddle, combustion, commence, commence firing, commitment, committedness, component, conflagrate, conflagration, constituent, continued fever, cook, corposant, cozy fire, crackling fire, crematory, cross fire, cure, curry, curtain fire, dart, dash, death fire, dedication, defrock, degrade, dehumidify, dehydrate, delay, delirium, demote, deplume, depose, deprive, desiccate, detonate, devil, devotedness, devotion, devoutness, direct fire, disbar, discharge, disemploy, dismiss, displace, displume, dive in, divine afflatus, do, do to perfection, drain, drive, drop, drum out, dry, dry fire, dynamize, eager, eagerness, earnestness, earth, eclat, ecstasy, eject, elan, electric light bulb, electric-heat, electrify, element, elementary particle, elementary unit, embue, energize, energy, enfilade, enkindle, enliven, enlivenment, enrage, enterprise, enthuse, enthusiasm, enthusiastic, eruptive fever, evaporate, exalt, excite, excited, excitement, exhilarate, exhilaration, expel, explode, exsiccate, faith, faithfulness, fall to, fan, fan the fire, fan the flame, febricity, febrility, feed, feed the fire, feeling, fell, fen fire, ferment, fervency, fervent, fervid, fervidness, fervor, fever, fever heat, fever of excitement, feverishness, fidelity, fieriness, file fire, fire a volley, fire at, fire of demolition, fire off, fire up, fire upon, firepower, fireworks, firing, flack, flak, flame, flame up, flaming, flare, flare up, flashing point, flicker, flickering flame, fling, fling at, flip, flush, foment, forest fire, fork, fox fire, frenzy, fricassee, frizz, frizzle, fry, fulminate, fundamental particle, funeral pyre, furlough, furor, fury, fusillade, galvanize, gas-heat, genius, get to, get-up-and-go, ginger, give the ax, give the gate, glare, glaze, glim, glow, go ahead, go off, griddle, grill, ground fire, gun, gun for, gunfight, gunfire, gunplay, gusto, hang fire, head into, heart, hearten, heartiness, heat, heat up, heatedness, heave, heave at, hectic, hectic fever, hectic flush, heighten, high-angle fire, hit, holocaust, horizontal fire, hot, hot up, hot-air-heat, hot-blooded, hot-water-heat, hurl, hurl against, hurl at, hurrah, hurtle, hyle, hyperpyrexia, hyperthermia, hypostasis, ignis fatuus, ignite, ignition, illuminant, illuminator, imbue, impassion, impassionedness, incandescent body, incense, incite, infect, infection, inferno, inflame, inform, infuriate, infuse, infusion, ingle, initiative, inject, inoculate, insolate, inspiration, inspire, inspired, inspirit, instigate, intense, intensify, intensity, intentness, interdiction fire, intermittent fever, invigorate, jazz up, jerk, jump off, key up, kick, kick off, kick out, kick upstairs, kiln, kindle, lambent flame, lamp, lance, lantern, lather up, launch, lay off, let fly, let fly at, let go, let off, let out, light, light bulb, light source, light the fuse, light up, liveliness, liven, load, lob, loyalty, luminant, luminary, machine-gun fire, madden, make redundant, marshfire, match, material, material world, materiality, matter, mold, molecule, monad, moon, mortar, mortar fire, motivate, move, moving spirit, mull, mummify, musketry, natural world, nature, nettle, on fire, open fire, open up on, oust, oven-bake, overexcite, overheat, pan, pan-broil, parboil, parch, pass, passion, passionate, passionateness, peg, pelt, pension off, pep, pep up, pepper, percussion fire, perk up, physical world, pick off, pique, piss and vinegar, pistol, pistol fire, pitch, pitch in, pitchfork, pizzazz, play with fire, plenum, plug, plunge into, poach, poop, pop at, pot, potshoot, potshot, prairie fire, preheat, prepare, prepare food, prime, project, propel, protein fever, provoke, puerperal fever, punch, push, put, put the shot, put up to, pyre, pyrexia, quicken, raging fire, rake, raking fire, rally, rapid fire, read out of, recook, reheat, rekindle, relapsing fever, release, relight, relish, relume, remittent, remittent fever, replace, resolution, retire, ricochet fire, riddle, rifle fire, roast, rouse, rub, rut, sack, salvo, saute, savor, scallop, scorch, scorching, sea of flames, sear, searing, send off, separate forcibly, seriousness, serve, set about, set astir, set fire to, set in, set off, set on, set on fire, set out, set sail, set to, sexual excitement, shape, sheet of fire, shell, shellfire, shirr, shoot, shoot at, shoot down, shoot-out, shooting, shrivel, shy, shy at, sic on, signal beacon, simmer, sincerity, sling, sling at, smart, smarting, smoke, smudge fire, snap, snap up, snipe, snipe at, soak up, soul, source of light, spark, sparkle, spirit, spirit up, sponge, spunk, spunk up, starch, stars, start, start in, start off, start out, steam, steam up, stew, stimulate, stimulated, sting, stinging, stir, stir the blood, stir the embers, stir the feelings, stir the fire, stir up, stir-fry, stirred, stoke, stoke the fire, stoke up, strafe, strike, strike a light, strip, stuff, substance, substratum, summon up, sun, sun-dry, superannuate, superheat, surplus, suspend, swab, take a potshot, take aim at, take fire, take off, taper, tepefy, terminate, the four elements, three-alarm fire, thrill, throw, throw at, thrust, tickle, tilt, time fire, tingle, tingling, toast, torch, torpedo, torrefy, toss, toss at, touch off, towel, trigger, turn a pot, turn off, turn on, turn out, turn to, two-alarm fire, unfrock, unit of being, urethral fever, urtication, vaccinal fever, vehemence, vertical fire, verve, vigor, vim, vitality, vitalize, vivacity, vivify, volley, wake, wake up, waken, warm, warm over, warm the blood, warm up, warmth, warmth of feeling, watch fire, water, water fever, weazen, whet, whip up, wildfire, wipe, witch fire, wither, wizen, work into, work up, wound fever, zeal, zero in on, zest, zing, zip, zip up, zone fire
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